Essential Steps in a PCB Assembly Process
The team at OBMFG understands the importance and impact of PCBs. Electronic devices used today have cores that are formed mainly by Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs). Everything from cars to refrigerators to smartphones has electronics with these modern components found online or in some specialized retailers. The PCB is the foundation onto which a variety of small electrical components are attached. The process of mounting the right components for an application to a blank PCB and then testing and inspecting the board is called PCB Assembly.
As the demand for more functionality in electronic devices continues to soar and we advance these technologies to meet industrial and consumer needs, more complex and smaller PCBs and components are being designed and produced. For this reason, the PCB assembly process has become an even more critical step in electronics manufacturing. One small assembly error could lead to the failure of a component, impacting the customer experience or safety.
Given how important this process has become, having an experienced PCB assembly partner should be a priority. Here is what you need to know about the different PCB assembly technology options and the vital steps in the PCB assembly process to make the right choice.
Different PCB Assembly Technologies
There are two primary ways to join components to a PCB - surface mount and through-hole.
- Surface Mount Technology (SMT) - This is the most widely-used technique. As you might imagine, SMT involves attaching components directly onto the surface of the PCB board. This is generally done by soldering. Since no holes are made in the board, components can be attached to both sides when necessary.
- Through-Hole Technology (THT) - This technique involves drilling holes in the PCB board to attach various components. It helps make strong connections that can withstand heavy stress and vibrations. But it's not used as frequently as SMT.
Essential Steps in the PCB Assembly Process
Before the PCB assembly process begins, all of the right design elements must be in place. Also known as a DFM (Design for Manufacturability) Check, this process reviews the design specifications and verifies that nothing is missing, there aren't any problem areas or any unnecessary redundancies. This step before the PCB assembly process can help eliminate any unforeseen delays or expenses.
Once complete, the actual steps in the PCB assembly process include:
In the age of hyper-connectivity and smart devices, nearly everything we use contains a printed circuit board. Even though they remain invisible to most of us, how they are assembled is vital to the user experience and your business's bottom-line results.
Now that you understand the essential steps in the PCB assembly process, you can choose the best partner.
Out of the Box Manufacturing uses ISO-certified processes, fully-automated systems, expert engineering, and highly-trained production technicians to ensure that PCB assemblies are created right every time.
To learn more about our services and our commitment to excellence, contact us today.